Table of Contents Introduction Requirements Set up multiple IP addresses on a single network interface Set up multiple instances of Apache Create the directory structure Create test web pages for each virtual host Set up ownership and permissions Create virtual host files Allow Apache through the firewall Test the virtual hosts Introduction Virtual hosting is a method for hosting multiple websites on a single machine. There are two types of virtual hosting: Name-based virtual hosting and IP-based virtual hosting. IP-based virtual hosting is a technique to apply different directives based on the IP address and port a request is received on. You can assign a separate IP for each website on a single server using IP-based virtual hosting. This is mainly used to host different websites on different ports or IP addresses.
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How Does Apache Web Server Work?
When someone wants to visit a website, they enter a domain name into the address bar of their browser. Then, the web server delivers the requested files by acting as a virtual delivery man. This particular setup allows us to get the best of both worlds. It greatly improves server performance by compensating the weaker sides of one software with the strengths of another. File servers, database servers, mail servers, and web servers use different kinds of server software. Each of these applications can access files stored on a physical server and use them for various purposes. The job of a web server is to serve websites on the internet. To achieve that goal, it acts as a middleman between the server and client machines. It pulls content from the server on each user request and delivers it to the web. The biggest challenge of a web server is to serve many different web users at the same time — each of whom is requesting different pages.
2. Installing Apache
A web server is a network service that serves content to a client over the web. This typically means web pages, but any other documents can be served as well. If you are upgrading from a previous release of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, you will need to update the httpd service configuration accordingly. This section reviews some of the newly added features, and guides you through the update of prior configuration files.
Jump to navigation. I have hosted my own websites for many years now. Apache is solid, well-known, and quite easy to configure for a basic installation. It is not really that much more difficult to configure for a more complex setup, such as multiple websites. Our latest Linux articles Installation and configuration of the Apache web server must be performed as root.